The vast number of immigrants that came to the Ely area led to a thriving logging industry as lumber for building homes and businesses grew rapidly. The need for lumber surged as well when mining moved underground, requiring timber beams to support shafts and tunnels. Most large scale commercial logging for local milling purposes ended in the 1920’s but smaller scale local operations are still successfully operating. Loggers today primarily haul wood to local mills in the Duluth and North Shore region for the purposes of making pulp for the paper industry.